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Effects of Customized Digital Health Care Service on Metabolic Syndrome Status and Lifestyle Using a Health Care App: Clinical Trial

HumanInsight Effects of Customized Digital Health Care Service on Metabolic Syndrome Status and Lifestyle Using a Health Care App: Clinical Trial

JMIR Form Res. 2023 Jan 18;7:e41427. doi: 10.2196/41427.


BACKGROUND: Untact cultures have rapidly spread around the world as a result of the prolongation of the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to various types of research and technological developments in the fields of medicine and health care, where digital health care refers to health care services provided in a digital environment. Previous studies relating to digital health care demonstrated its effectiveness in managing chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes. While many studies have applied digital health care to various diseases, daily health care is needed for healthy individuals before they are diagnosed with a disease. Accordingly, research on individuals who have not been diagnosed with a disease is also necessary.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the effects of using a customized digital health care service (CDHCS) on risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MS) and lifestyle improvement.

METHODS: The population consisted of 63 adults who underwent a health checkup at the National Health Insurance Service Ilsan (NHIS) Hospital in 2020. Measured variables include basic clinical indicators, MS-related variables, and lifestyle variables. All items were measured at NHIS Ilsan Hospital before the use of the CDHCS and 3 months thereafter. The CDHCS used in this study is a mobile app that analyzes the health condition of the user by identifying their risk factors and provides appropriate health care content. For comparison between before and after CDHCS use (pre-post comparison), paired t test was used for continuous variables, and a chi-square test was used for nominal variables.

RESULTS: The study population included 30 (47.6%) male and 33 (52.4%) female participants, and the mean age was 47.61 (SD 13.93) years. The changes in clinical indicators before and after intervention results showed a decrease in weight, waist circumference, triglyceride, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and increases in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. The distribution of the risk group increased from 32 (50.8%) to 34 (54%) and that of the MS group decreased from 18 (28.6%) to 16 (25.4%). The mean metabolic syndrome age-chronological age before the CDHCS was 2.20 years, which decreased to 1.72 years after CDHCS, showing a decrease of 0.48 years in the mean metabolic syndrome age-chronological age after the intervention. While all lifestyle variables, except alcohol consumption, showed a tendency toward improvement, the differences were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS: Although there was no statistical significance in the variables under study, this pilot study will provide a foundation for more accurate verification of CDHCS in future research.

PMID:36652290 | DOI:10.2196/41427

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