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Cohort of pregnant and postpartum women with COVID-19. Comparative analysis between two pandemic waves

HumanInsight Cohort of pregnant and postpartum women with COVID-19. Comparative analysis between two pandemic waves

Medicina (B Aires). 2022;82(6):830-835.


INTRODUCTION: The clinical presentation of pregnant women with COVID-19 varied according to the time of the pandemic.

OBJECTIVE: The clinic, complications and lethality were described, as well as a comparative analysis of the clinical presentation during the first two pandemic waves of pregnant and postpartum women with COVID-19.

METHODS: An observational prospective cohort study of pregnant women assisted in the Municipal Maternity of San Isidro was carried out between 04/01/2020 and 07/31/21.

RESULTS: The infection was confirmed in 103 pregnant women, 76.7% had a mild condition, 18.4% moderate and 4.8% severe. 59% were assisted by telemedicine, 41% were admitted and 2.9% required mechanical ventilation. Most had a good evolution and the case fatality rate was < 1% (n = 1). At the time of this analysis, 78% of the women had completed pregnancy. 41% of them presented some type of complication, the most frequent being: premature rupture of the membrane 42%, arterial hypertension and other associated pathologies (including a patient with preeclampsia) 27% and preterm delivery 18%. In the comparative analysis between the first two pandemic waves, there was a higher proportion of moderate/severe cases (p = 0.016) and the indication for mechanical ventilation was significantly higher (p = 0.048) in 2021.

DISCUSSION: These findings support the need for prioritize this group of patients to implement preventive strategies.


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