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[Cardiovascular risk factors in patients after coarctation of aorta repair].

[Cardiovascular risk factors in patients after coarctation of aorta repair].

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[Cardiovascular risk factors in patients after coarctation of aorta repair].

Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2018 May 25;44(263):219-222

Authors: Róg B, Okólska M, Sałapa K, Smaś-Suska M, Dłużniewska N, Podolec P, Tomkiewicz-Pająk L

Abstract
The coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a congenital condition of the thoracic aorta.
AIM: The aim of the study was assessment of atherosclerosis risk factors in adult patients after surgical treatment of aortic coarctation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: 58 patients (36 male, 22 female) at median age of 27.46 ±10.57 were compared with 30 healthy, age and sex matched volunteers. The arterial blood pressure, lipid profile, fasting glucose, inflammation markers and the lifestyle factors were analyzed.
RESULTS: CoA patients have higher systolic blood pressure 136.55±16.27 vs 123.47±10.34 mmHg, p<0.001, fasting glucose 4.95±0.5 vs 4.65±0.46 mmol/l p=0.002, hsCRP 1.03±0.12 vs 0.89±0.14 mg/l p=0.025 and fibrinogen 2.55±0.34 vs 1.98±0.28 g/l p<0.001. Hyperlipidemia is more common 44.8% vs 23.3% p=0.048, treated with statin. When comparing hypertensive patients (N=28) with normotensive ones (N=30), the patients with arterial hypertension are older 33.5±12.23 vs 25.73±7.12 p=0.004, have higher body weight 78.03±14.58 vs 68.7±14.29 p=0.017, in this group more common are: hypoplastic aortic arch 28.6% vs 6.7% p=0.027, recoarctation 39.3% vs 13.3% p=0.024, cardiovascular disease 14.3% vs 0% p=0.032 and family history 21.4% vs 3.3% p=0.034.
CONCLUSIONS: The coarctation of aorta is related to higher cardiovascular risk due to arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, higher glucose and inflammation markers levels when comparing with healthy population.

PMID: 29813038 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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