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Assisted Reality Device to Guide Cardiac Implantable Device Programming in Distant Rural Areas

HumanInsight Assisted Reality Device to Guide Cardiac Implantable Device Programming in Distant Rural Areas

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2023 Jan 14. doi: 10.1111/jce.15815. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) living in rural areas have difficulty obtaining follow-up visits for device interrogation and programming in specialized healthcare facilities.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of an assisted reality device designed to provide front-line workers with real-time online support from a remotely located specialist (Realwear HTM-1; Realwear, Vancouver, WA) during CIED assistance in distant rural areas.

METHODS: This is a prospective study of patients requiring CIED interrogation using the Realwear HMT-1 in a remote rural population in Colombia between April 2021 and June 2022. CIED interrogation and device programming were performed by a general practitioner and guided by a cardiac electrophysiologist. Non-CIED-related medical interventions were allowed and analyzed. The primary objective was to determine the incidence of clinically significant CIED alerts. Secondary objectives were the changes medical interventions used to treat the events found in the device interrogations regarding non-CIED related conditions.

RESULTS: A total of 205 CIED interrogations were performed on 139 patients (age 69±14 years; 54% female). Clinically significant CIED alerts were reported in 42% of CIED interrogations, consisting of the detection of significant arrhythmias (35%), lead malfunction (3%), and device in elective replacement interval (3.9%). OAC was initiated in 8% of patients and general medical/cardiac interventions unrelated to the CIED were performed in 52% of CIED encounters.

CONCLUSION: Remote assistance using a commercially available assisted reality device has the potential to provide specialized health care to patients in difficult-to-reach areas, overcoming current difficulties associated with RM including the inability to change device programming. Additionally, these interactions provided care beyond CIED-related interventions, thus delivering significant social and clinical impact to remote rural populations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:36640437 | DOI:10.1111/jce.15815

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