HumanInsight An eHealth, Positive Emotion Skills Intervention for Enhancing Psychological Well-Being in Young Adult Cancer Survivors: Results from a Multi-Site, Pilot Feasibility Trial
Int J Behav Med. 2023 Mar 8. doi: 10.1007/s12529-023-10162-5. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Young adult (YA) cancer survivors experience clinically significant distress and have limited access to psychosocial support. Given growing evidence for unique adaptive benefits of positive emotion in the context of health-related and other life stress, we developed an eHealth positive emotion skills intervention for post-treatment survivors called EMPOWER (Enhancing Management of Psychological Outcomes With Emotion Regulation) and evaluated feasibility and proof of concept for reducing distress and enhancing well-being.
METHOD: In this single-arm pilot feasibility trial, post-treatment YA cancer survivors (ages 18-39) participated in the EMPOWER intervention which included 8 skills (e.g., gratitude, mindfulness, acts of kindness). Participants completed surveys at baseline (pre-intervention), 8 weeks (post-intervention), and 12 weeks (1-month follow-up). Primary outcomes included feasibility (assessed by participation percentage) and acceptability (would recommend EMPOWER skills to a friend). Secondary outcomes included psychological well-being (mental health, positive affect, life satisfaction, meaning/purpose, general self-efficacy) and distress (depression, anxiety, anger).
RESULTS: We assessed 220 YAs for eligibility; 77% declined. Of those screened, 44 (88%) were eligible and consented, 33 began the intervention, and 26 (79%) completed the intervention. Overall retention was 61% at 12 weeks. Average acceptability ratings were high (8.8/10). Participants (M = 30.8 years, SD = 6.6) were 77% women, 18% racial/ethnic minorities, and 34% breast cancer survivors. At 12 weeks, EMPOWER was associated with improved mental health, positive affect, life satisfaction, meaning/purpose, and general self-efficacy (ps < .05, ds = .45 to .63) and decreased anger (p < .05, d = - 0.41).
CONCLUSION: EMPOWER demonstrated evidence of feasibility and acceptability as well as proof of concept for enhancing well-being and reducing distress. Self-guided, eHealth interventions show promise for addressing YA cancer survivors' needs and warrant additional research to optimize survivorship care.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials .gov NCT02832154, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02832154.
PMID:36890329 | DOI:10.1007/s12529-023-10162-5
Powered by WPeMatico
Viale Campi Flegrei 55
80124 - Napoli
Via G.Porzio 4
Centro Direzionale G1
80143 - Napoli