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A Review on Newer Interventions for the Prevention of Diabetic Foot Disease

HumanInsight A Review on Newer Interventions for the Prevention of Diabetic Foot Disease

Cureus. 2022 Oct 22;14(10):e30591. doi: 10.7759/cureus.30591. eCollection 2022 Oct.


Diabetic foot disease (DFD), which includes ulcers on the foot, infections, and gangrene of the foot, is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. About half of diabetic foot disease (DFD) patients have a recurrence in less than a year. To alleviate the burden of DFD globally, it is essential to give long-term medication to reduce the likelihood of recurrence. The effectiveness of telemedicine, wearable technologies, and sensors in DFD prevention is discussed in this review. Offloading footwear helps to cure and prevent ulcerated diabetic foot by distributing physical stress away from bony prominences. Sensors and wearables can record the temperatures of the foot, blood pressure (BP), and blood sugar levels and estimate lipid profile. These technologies have offered a practical means of reaching individuals in rural areas with a heightened risk of developing DFD. There is less need for in-person consultations with this strategy. This methodology is simple to operate and lessens reliance on patients. The benefits of adopting these remote monitoring approaches have been demonstrated in some studies with DFD-at-risk individuals. It is required to do more analysis to ascertain the effectiveness and value of incorporating different remote monitoring systems as part of an all-encompassing strategy to prevent DFD.

PMID:36426316 | PMC:PMC9682366 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.30591

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