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A Qualitative Analysis of Challenges and Successes in Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening.

A Qualitative Analysis of Challenges and Successes in Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening.

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A Qualitative Analysis of Challenges and Successes in Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening.

AJP Rep. 2018 Apr;8(2):e128-e133

Authors: Bain LC, Kristensen-Cabrera AI, Lee HC

Abstract
Objective  The objective of this study is to identify characteristics of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) practice that influence successful retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening. Study Design  In this qualitative study, top, improved, and bottom performing NICUs in the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative were identified based on ROP screening rates and invited to participate. NICU personnel were interviewed using a semistructured questionnaire. Using thematic analysis, key factors that influence ROP screening were identified. Results  Themes found in top performing hospitals include a commitment to quality improvement, a committed ophthalmologist, and a system of double checks. Improved NICUs had a common theme of utilizing telemedicine for exams and identification of eligible neonates on admission. The bottom performing hospital struggled with education and identification of eligible neonates and a lack of a dedicated ophthalmologist. Conclusion  Structure, culture, education, and commitment all contribute to the success of ROP screening in the NICU.

PMID: 29896443 [PubMed]

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