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A Mixed Methods Study of Tele-ICU Nursing Interventions to Prevent Failure to Rescue of Patients in Critical Care.

A Mixed Methods Study of Tele-ICU Nursing Interventions to Prevent Failure to Rescue of Patients in Critical Care.

A Mixed Methods Study of Tele-ICU Nursing Interventions to Prevent Failure to Rescue of Patients in Critical Care.

Telemed J E Health. 2018 Jul 23;:

Authors: Williams LS, Johnson E, Armaignac DL, Nemeth LS, Magwood GS

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Failure to rescue (FTR) is a benchmark of quality care. Limited evidence exists examining the influence of telemedicine intensive care units (tele-ICU) nursing interventions in preventing FTR. The purpose of this study was to characterize tele-ICU nursing interventions and to determine which combination of documented tele-ICU nursing interventions (DTNI) best predicts prevention of FTR in ICU patients with hospital-acquired conditions (HACs).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used convergent parallel mixed methods design to conduct qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of tele-ICU nurses (n = 19) from 11 US tele-ICU centers. Quantitative data, including demographics, DTNIs, severity of illness scores, and video assessment times from January 2016 to December 2016 were retrieved for ICU patients discharged from a multihospital health system with a tele-ICU center (n = 861). Findings from both qualitative and quantitative analyses were merged, compared, and contrasted.
RESULTS: FTR patients had higher severity of illness, longer video assessment by tele-ICU nurses, and were more likely to have DTNIs related to hemodynamic instability. Four themes emerged from qualitative analysis: fundamental tele-ICU nurse attributes, proactive clinical practice, effective collaborative relationships, and strategic use of advanced technology. Mixed methods analysis revealed convergence between DTNIs and tele-ICU nurses' characterizations of their practice.
CONCLUSIONS: Tele-ICU nurses' characterizations of their practice closely align with DTNIs. Tele-ICU nursing practice to prevent FTR involves systems thinking and integration of many complex factors. Tele-ICU nurses can reduce the odds of FTR with focus on support and clinical coordination interventions that avoid hemodynamic instability in ICU patients with a diagnosed HAC.

PMID: 30036175 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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